Complete Russian ORLAN Space Suit
Part of the International Space Collection of

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ORLAN  EVA Space Suit & Liquid Cooled Undergarment

These are REAL pieces of space history

Made in 1977, this  suit was used by the
Russian Space Agency for over 15 years.

The suit consisted of a cooling under garment which went into a one piece body & helmet unit. 

    Orlan is Russian for "Eagle". The Zvezda company developed the Russian Orlan-M spacesuit for the Russian space program.
The suit was entered through a hatch in the rear. The exterior of the hatch housed the life support equipment. Maximum operation time was up to 9 hours. The integrated design meant that no external hoses were required as in the American space suits.  
On the left is our ORLAN Cooling Suit on display at the Museum of Discovery in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. On the left is our ORLAN Cooling Suit on display at the Museum of Discovery in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.

Control of the suit was done by a panel on the chest, with the markings in mirror image. The cosmonaut viewed the panel using a mirror on the wrist of the suit. 

During Soyuz & “MIR” exercises, this space suit
was used for the following cosmonauts training

  • A. Soloviev  - “Soyuz TM” maintenance.

  • A. Balandin  - “Soyuz TM” maintenance.

  • S. Krikalev – “Sofora” truss assembling.

  • A. Artsebarski – “Sofora” truss assembling.

  • V.Titov – Dutch telescope TTM repair.

  • M. Manarov – Dutch telescope TTM repair.

  • A. Victorenko – Cosmonaut movement elaboration.

  • A. Serebrov – Cosmonaut movement elaboration.

  • V. Afanasyev – “Kvant” module airlock repair.

  • M. Manarov – “Kvant” module airlock repair.

  • A. Victorenko – “Kvant-2” module repairs.

  • A. Kaleri – “Kvant-2” module repairs.

  • A. Soloviev – Belgian telescope “MIRAS” mounting.

  • N. Budarin – Belgian telescope “MIRAS” mounting.

  • A. Soloviev – “Spektr” module hatchway mounting.

  • P. Vinogradov – “Spektr” module hatchway mounting.

  • G. Padalka – sun batteries orientation & repair.

  • S. Avdeev – sun batteries orientation & repair.

Besides the above, the following cosmonauts of “ENERGIA” used this suit for training tasks:

  • S. Savitskaya

  • S. Krikalev 

  • A. Kaleri

  • A. Poleschuk

  • M. Manarov

  • N. Budarin

  • Y. Usachev

  • P. Vinogradov

  • S. Treschev

  • A. Lazutkin

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